主题：The Gender Earnings Gap in the Gig Economy: Evidence from over a Million Rideshare Drivers
主讲人：Paul Oyer 美国斯坦福大学商学院教授、Journal of Labor Economics主编
The growth of the “gig” economy generates worker flexibility that, some have speculated, will favor women. We explore this by examining labor supply choices and earnings among more than a million rideshare drivers on Uber in the U.S. We document a roughly 7% gender earnings gap amongst drivers. We completely explain this gap and show that it can be entirely attributed to three factors: experience on the platform (learning-by-doing), preferences over where to work (driven largely by where drivers live and, to a lesser extent, safety), and preferences for driving speed. We do not find that men and women are differentially affected by a taste for specific hours, a return to within-week work intensity, or customer discrimination. Our results suggest that there is no reason to expect the “gig” economy to close gender differences. Even in the absence of discrimination and in flexible labor markets, women’s relatively high opportunity cost of non-paid-work time and gender-based differences in preferences and constraints can sustain a gender pay gap.
Paul Oyer is the Mary and Rankine Van Anda Entrepreneurial Professor and Professor of Economics at the Stanford Graduate School of Business. He is also a Research Associate with the National Bureau of Economic Research and the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Labor Economics.
He holds a BA in math and computer science from Middlebury College, an MBA from Yale University, and an MA and PhD in economics from Princeton University.
Oyer has published extensively in top journals such as American Economic Review, Quarterly Journal of Economics, Journal of Finance, Journal of Financial Economics, Journal of Labor Economics, RAND Journal of Economics, Journal of Economic Perspectives, Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization.